The starting point of our tour is Gianicolo Hill, from which you enjoy the most beautiful view over Rome. The hill saw the strenuous defence of the Roman Republic (1849) against the French who fought to reinstate Pope Pious IX. Following the wave of the uprisings sweeping over Continental Europe in 1848, the Romans rebelled against the Pope and created the Roman Republic on February 9th 1849. A modern Constitution was issued and three men led the short-lived new State: Giuseppe Mazzini, Aurelio Saffi and Carlo Armellini. From June 3rd to July 3rd 1849 a French army of 30000 men led by General Oudinot besieged and cannoned Gianicolo Hill where 9000 men led by Giuseppe Garibaldi defended Rome. Among the dead, a young patriot-poet fell: Goffredo Mameli, the author of the Italian anthem "Fratelli d’Italia". Reporters from all over Europe followed with trepidation the events. Nowadays the equestrian monument of Garibaldi watches over Rome and his beloved wife Anita lies not far from his sight. As we descend, we arrive at the church of S.Pietro in Montorio housing a marvel of the early Renaissance: the Tempietto by Bramante, the architect of Pope Julius II who was planning the reconstruction of St.Peter's Basilica at the Vatican. In front of it the grand Fontanone created at the beginning of the 1600s to celebrate the restauration of the ancient aqueduct dating to Emperor Trajan's times. We continue downstairs until we reach the busy part of Trastevere - a district already part of ancient Rome where life has been going on for more than 2000 years without interruption - revolving around the Medieval church of Santa Maria in Trastevere. After admiring its splendid mosaics, you can continue on your own exploring the small shops, stopping at a winebar or at a pizzeria... enjoying the Roman movida getting more and more lively as evening approaches.